Red Duchess Apple fruit
(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)
Height: 20 feet
Spread: 20 feet
Hardiness Zone: 3
A very hardy, medium to large red apple with hints of yellow; good eating, but ideal for baking; the perfect combination of accent and fruit tree, ideal for home landscapes, needs well-drained soil and full sun; needs a second pollinator
Red Duchess Apple is a small tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. It produces yellow round apples (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with a red blush and white flesh which are usually ready for picking from mid to late summer. The apples have a tart taste and a firm texture.
The apples are most often used in the following ways:
Features & Attributes
Red Duchess Apple features showy clusters of lightly-scented white flowers with shell pink overtones along the branches in mid spring, which emerge from distinctive pink flower buds. It has forest green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn yellow in fall. The fruits are showy yellow apples with a red blush, which are carried in abundance from mid to late summer. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.
This is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This is a high maintenance plant that will require regular care and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;
Aside from its primary use as an edible, Red Duchess Apple is sutiable for the following landscape applications;
- Orchard/Edible Landscaping
Planting & Growing
Red Duchess Apple will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more. This variety requires a different selection of the same species growing nearby in order to set fruit.
This tree is typically grown in a designated area of the yard because of its mature size and spread. It should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This particular variety is an interspecific hybrid.